Education Articles

Samford’s local flora

Pavetta (Pavetta australiensis)

This beautiful shrub is found in drier rainforests in northern NSW and throughout eastern Queensland. Often known as the ‘butterfly bush’, the flowers of the Pavetta attract a wide range of other beneficial insects besides butterflies. Honeyeaters are also fond of the...

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Quinine Berry (Petalostigma triloculare)

Also known as Long-leaved Bitter Bark, this attractive large shrub to 3–5 m is found naturally along the edge of our local rainforests and in moist gullies in eucalypt woodland. The Quinine Berry has glossy dark green elliptical leaves (which are greyish below) and is...

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Pink Heart (Medicosma cunninghamii)

Also known as Bonewood, this attractive large shrub or small tree to 3–5 m is found naturally along the edges of dry or subtropical rainforest. The opposite elliptical leaves are aromatic when crushed. In summer, the distinctive four-petalled white flowers to 25 mm...

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Coffee Bush (Breynia oblongifolia)

This small to medium open shrub to 2–3 m is found naturally along the edge of our local rainforests and in moist gullies in eucalypt woodland. It is an important butterfly host plant for the common grass yellow butterfly Eurema hecabe (so it is preferable not to spray...

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Chain Fruit (Alyxia ruscifolia)

This medium open shrub to 2–4 m is found naturally along the edge of our local rainforests and moister eucalypt forests. The foliage provides vital nesting habitat for our local birds and a safe refuge for other creatures, so is a good replacement for Lantana. The...

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Lime Berry (Micromelum minutum)

Also known as Cluster Berry, this small tree to 4–6 m is found naturally in the understorey of our drier rainforests and is a very important species for our local wildlife. This is a widely distributed species that is used for medicinal purposes in parts of Asia. The...

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Samford Holly (Graptophyllum spinigerum)

Also known as Queensland Holly or Veiny Graptophyllum, this dainty small shrub to 1.5 m is found naturally in the understorey of our local rainforests. It has soft, glossy diamond-shaped opposite leaves with toothed margins. The small white tubular flowers arise from...

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Samford’s local fauna

Scarlet-sided Popplebonk (Limnodynastes terraereginae)

The wonderful common name for this large (~75 mm) rotund frog is derived from its resonant call: a loud ‘bonk ... bonk ... bonk’, usually made following rain from October to May while concealed by water in dams or ditches, or from holes in a bank. It is also known as...

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Grey-crowned Babbler (Pomatostomus temporalis)

The Samford district is one of the few places in South-East Queensland east of the great Dividing Ranges where you can see this charismatic bird. Sadly, the population seems to be in decline, but the cause in uncertain: possibly a combination of habitat clearance and...

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Apostlebird (Struthidea cinerea)

Like the Grey-crowned Babbler, the Samford valley is one of the few places in South-East Queensland you can see this mud-nesting, gregarious species east of the great Dividing Ranges. Members of Birds Queensland often visit the Wights Mountain area looking for these...

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Eastern Spinebill (Acanthorynchus tenuirostris)

This very active small honeyeater (about 13–14 cm) has a distinctive long downcurved bill used for probing flowers. It occupies a wide range of habitats from eucalypt forest and rainforest to parks and gardens. It is mostly a winter visitor to the lower altitudes of...

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Eastern Sedgefrog (Litoria fallax)

This small (~25 mm) elongated green frog is very common throughout the Samford district, usually close to water. It is also known as the Dwarf Tree Frog or Green Reed Frog. The Eastern Sedgefrog is usually uniform green above (sometimes with dark flecking), but may be...

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Wanderer (Tirumala hamata)

This handsome, large orange and black butterfly (wingspan about 90 mm) is known as the Monarch in the USA, from where it first migrated to Australia in 1871 (possibly blown in by cyclones or as eggs accidentally brought in by American gold miners). The adult is a...

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Scarlet Honeyeater (Myzomela sanguinolenta)

This small honeyeater (about 10 cm) is usually an autumn and winter visitor to the Samford district, with some migrating from the cold of southern states while others possibly come down from the ranges where they breed in spring and summer. As the name suggests, the...

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